With the rapid economic growth of developing countries and the sharp rise of carbon dioxide emissions, there are increasing calls for developing countries to control carbon emissions and undertake emission reduction obligations. After the Third Conference of the Parties of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change in 1997, developed countries have put pressure on developing countries one after another. They believe that to achieve the goal of controlling the concentration of greenhouse gases in the atmosphere to prevent the climate system from dangerous interference levels, developing countries such as China and India must implement a large number of emission reduction actions.
At present, China has become one of the countries with the fastest economic growth in the world. With the acceleration of China’s industrialization and urbanization, fossil energy consumption and carbon dioxide emissions have also increased significantly, which has become an excuse for some developed countries to restrict China’s economic growth through energy consumption, and believe that China should undertake more emission reduction obligations. , Which also puts China under tremendous pressure to reduce emissions.
In order to uphold the principle of shared responsibility for reducing emissions and respond to international public opinion, China has also made continuous efforts to reduce emissions. At the end of 2006, six ministries and commissions including the Ministry of Science and Technology, China Meteorological Administration, National Development and Reform Commission, and State Environmental Protection Administration jointly issued China’s first “National Assessment Report on Climate Change.” In June 2007, China formally issued the “China’s National Plan for Addressing Climate Change”; in July of the same year, Premier Wen Jiabao hosted the first meeting of the National Leading Group on Climate Change and Energy Conservation and Emission Reduction and the State Council Meeting in two days. , Researching and deploying work to address climate change, and organizing the implementation of energy conservation and emission reduction work; on December 26 of the same year, the State Council Information Office issued a white paper “China’s Energy Status and Policies”, which focused on the diversified development of energy and officially listed the development of renewable energy. As an important part of the national energy development strategy, coal will no longer be mentioned. In July 2008, at the G8 summit in Hokkaido, Japan, China also stated that it would seek to work with other signatories to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change to reach the long-term goal of reducing global greenhouse gas emissions by 50% by 2050; At the two sessions, Wu Xiaoqing, a member of the National Committee of the Chinese People’s Political Consultative Conference, clearly mentioned the issue of “low-carbon economy”. In September 2009, President Hu Jintao promised at the United Nations Climate Change Summit that carbon dioxide emissions per unit of China’s GDP will be reduced by 40% to 45% by 2020 compared to 2005. In 2010, the government formulated the “Comprehensive Work Plan for Energy Conservation and Emission Reduction”, which clarified China’s goals and overall requirements for achieving energy conservation and emission reduction. In 2012, China implemented three major emission reduction measures, put structural emission reduction in a more prominent position, improved the mechanism for exiting outdated production capacity, and strictly reviewed the total indicators of construction projects in advance to reduce pollution emissions from the source. Continue to strengthen project emission reduction and management emission reduction, speed up pollution control, key pollution control projects, flue gas desulfurization and denitrification, and sewage treatment facilities construction, strengthen the emission reduction of motor vehicles, and carry out agricultural and rural pollution reduction. Strict supervision to ensure the normal operation of pollution control facilities, tap pollution control potential, and improve pollution control efficiency. In 2013, the dominant position of enterprises in energy conservation and emission reduction was strengthened. In 2015, the State Council issued the “2014-2015 Action Plan for Energy Conservation, Emission Reduction, and Low Carbon Development”, which vigorously promotes industrial restructuring, accelerates energy conservation, emission reduction and carbon reduction projects, pays close attention to energy conservation and carbon reduction in key areas, strengthens technical support, and further strengthens 30 measures and requirements were put forward in eight aspects: policy support, active promotion of market-oriented energy-saving emission reduction mechanisms, strengthening of monitoring and supervision and inspection, and implementation of responsibility targets. Through hard work, China’s emission reduction effects have been recognized by the international community.